lundi 9 janvier 2012

Recently adopted name for antitumoral compound - Nom d’antitumoral adopté récemment

Name (nom)
Code name
Target(s) Cible(s)

antibody (anticorps)
 SLAM family member 7 (CD2-like receptor activating cytotoxic cells, CD319 antigen), CS1

See also:

 The 39th David A. Karnofsky Lecture: Bench-to-Bedside Translation of Targeted Therapies in Multiple Myeloma.” By KC Anderson, in Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a remarkable example of rapid bench-to-bedside translation in new drug development. The proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and immunomodulatory drug lenalidomide targeted MM cells in the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment to overcome conventional drug resistance in laboratory and animal models and were rapidly translated into clinical trials demonstrating their efficacy in patients with relapsed and then newly diagnosed MM, with a doubling of the median survival as a direct result. The future is even brighter. First, immune-based therapies are being developed (eg, elotuzumab monoclonal antibody [MoAb]; CD138DM immunotoxin; MM cell-dendritic cell vaccines; CD138, CS-1, and XBP-1 peptide vaccines; anti-17 MoAb; and other treatments to overcome causes of immune dysfunction). Second, promising next-generation agents target the MM cell in its microenvironment (eg, deubiquitinating enzyme inhibitors; chymotryptic [carfilzomib, Onyx 0912, MLN 9708] and broader [NPI-0052] proteasome inhibitors; immunoproteasome inhibitors; and pomalidamide). Moreover, agents targeting bone biology (eg, zoledronic acid, anti-DKK-1 MoAb, anti-B-cell activating factor MoAb and bortezomib, Btk inhibitor) show promise not only in preserving bone integrity but also against MM. Third, rationally based combination therapies, including bortezomib with Akt, mammalian target of rapamycin, or histone deacetylase inhibitors, are active even in bortezomib-refractory MM. Finally, genomics is currently being used in the definition of MM heterogeneity, new target discovery, and development of personalized therapy. Myeloma therefore represents a paradigm for targeting the tumor in its microenvironment, which has already markedly improved patient outcome in MM and has great potential in other hematologic malignancies and solid tumors as well.

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